The Future of Lignite in the Western Balkans

Scenarios for a 2040 Lignite Exit

  • Study
Scenarios for a 2040 Lignite Exit

In November 2020, the six Western Balkan countries signed the ‘Sofia Declaration’ committing themselves to climate-neutrality by 2050. The Green Agenda for the Western Balkans, adopted together with the Sofia Declaration, could pool 28 billion euros of investments to support the region’s economic recovery and long-term convergence with the EU, particularly by accelerating climate protection and the clean energy transition.

Climate-neutrality by 2050 cannot be achieved without a phasing out of lignite for power production. Still, most of the power sector in the Western Balkans is yet to act. Apart from North Macedonia, no other lignite-reliant country has publicly announced a phase-out. On the contrary: 2 GW of additional lignite capacity is planned in the region either with Chinese or unclear financing; generally, in conflict with state aid rules and air pollution limits. The absence of a CO₂ pricing mechanisms contributes to these developments. Without a change in direction, countries and taxpayers will soon face stranded assets and unserviceable loans, particularly because the EU’s Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism will make the newly planned lignite units unprofitable.

To support the necessary debate on a lignite phase-out strategy for the Western Balkans, we have teamed up with enervis energy advisors and our regional think tank partners RESET from Bosnia and Herzegovina, INDEP from Kosovo and ASOR from Serbia to develop analytically robust scenarios for a lignite phase-out by 2040. The results are clear: countries in the region should align their climate and energy policies with the EU’s 2030 and 2050 targets! The EU Green Deal is an opportunity for these countries to initiate a deep decarbonization of their power systems based on renewable energies. Now is the moment for the Western Balkans to seize that chance.

Project management

Partner

Bild

All figures in this publication

Directly to ...
  • Figure 1
  • Figure 2
  • Figure 3
  • Figure 4
  • Figure 5
  • Figure 6
  • Figure 7
  • Figure 8
  • Figure 9
  • Figure 10
  • Figure 11
  • Figure 12
  • Figure 13
  • Figure 14
  • Figure 15
  • Figure 16
  • Figure 17
  • Figure 18
  • Figure 19
  • Figure 20
  • Figure 21
  • Figure 22
  • Figure 23
  • Figure 24
  • Figure 25
  • Figure 26
  • Figure 27
  • Figure 28
  • Figure 29
  • Figure 30
  • Figure 31
  • Figure 32
  • Figure 33
  • Figure 34
  • Figure 35
  • Figure 36
  • Figure 37
  • Figure 38
  • Figure 39
  • Figure 40
  • Figure 41
  • Figure 42
  • Figure 43
  • Figure 44
  • Figure 45
  • Figure 46
  • Figure 47
  • Figure 48
  • Figure 49
  • Figure 50
  • Figure 51
  • Figure 52
  • Figure 53
  • Figure 54
  • Figure 55
  • Figure 56
  • Figure 57
  • Figure 58
  • Figure 59
  • Figure 60
  • Figure 61
  • Figure 62
  • Figure 63
  • Figure 64
  • Figure 65
  • Figure 66
  • Figure 67
  • Figure 68
  • Figure 69
  • Figure 70
  • Figure 71
  • Figure 72
  • Figure 73
  • Figure 74
  • Figure 75
  • Figure 76
  • Figure 77
  • Figure 78
  • Figure 79
  • Figure 80

Bibliographical Data

  • Authors

    Rita Kunert, Julius Ecke, Christoph Pfister

  • Publication number

    225/04-S-2021/EN

  • Version number

    1.0

  • Release date

    10/2021

  • Number of pages

    102

  • Citation

    enervis (2021): The Future of Lignite in the Western Balkans. Scenarios for a 2040 Lignite Exit. Study on behalf of Agora Energiewende.

Stay in touch. Subscribe to our newsletter.

]>