The European Union has decided to increase its climate ambition for 2030 and to achieve climate neutrality by 2050. Creating a climate neutral economy will require the availability of large quantities of hydrogen, particularly in hard-to abate industrial sectors. Such hydrogen will increasingly be produced on the basis of renewable electricity, because only renewable-based hydrogen is fully carbon-free and its costs will continue falling.
Renewable hydrogen can be produced at a variety of sites in Europe. What is the best way to deliver hydrogen to the centres of industrial demand? To better understand the economic potential for pipeline transport, Agora Energiewende and AFRY Management Consulting have assessed the cost and infrastructure implications of a “no-regrets” supply of industrial hydrogen at existing sites with off-grid renewable hydrogen production in Europe.
The results show how industrial clusters can be supplied with renewable hydrogen, thereby contributing to the greening, securing and strengthening of Europe’s industry.