In view of the accelerating climate crisis, the European Union has set itself a legally binding target to be climate neutral by 2050 at the latest. Climate neutrality means no more burning of unabated fossil fuels. No oil, no coal, no fossil gas.
The escalation of Russia’s war against Ukraine and the resulting fossil gas crisis put a spotlight on Europe’s high dependency on imports of cheap Russian pipeline gas. The REPowerEU plan is a testament to the resolve of European leaders to rapidly end this dependency and to find a balance between structurally reducing demand and replacing Russian gas with imports from elsewhere or non-fossil molecules such as renewable hydrogen and biomethane.
Against this background, this report presents a structural transition pathway away from fossil gas use by 2050 based on detailed sectoral modelling of the energy, buildings, and industry sectors. We also draw several insights from this work with implications for EU energy and climate policy-making.
In this video, Matthias Buck introduces the main findings of the report "Breaking free from fossil gas - a new path to a climate-neutral Europe".