Both France and Germany have ratified the Paris Agreement on Climate Change and are pursuing broad, long-term strategies to deeply decarbonise their economies by 2050. (France aims to reduce GHG emissions by 75% and Germany by 80 to 95% relative to their 1990 levels.) This strong political commitment to fighting climate change is deeply rooted in values and beliefs of German and French citizens and enjoys broad public support in both countries.
The French transition énergétique and the German Energiewende form the backbones of their respective decarbonisation strategies. Both envisage step-by-step changes in the energy system, encompassing the power, transport and heating & cooling sectors.