The Energiewende in a nutshell

10 Questions and Answers on the German Energy Transition

Germany is playing a prominent role in the transformation process of global energy system, having adopted one of the most ambitious energy transition programs of all industrial nations – the Energiewende. With this long-term strategy, the country has started to fundamentally transform its power sector by phasing out nuclear and coal in favour of renewable energy. Agora Energiewende has compiled a booklet answering some of the frequently asked questions about the Energiewende. Written in collaboration with the Renewable Energy Institute, it provides a current, accurate and unbiased snapshot of the German experience. The paper focuses on the power sector, which many studies have shown will be crucial to decarbonisation.

“The Energiewende in a Nutshell” delivers substantial answers on the following 10 questions:

  1. What is the German Energiewende?
  2. How is Germany progressing with its Energiewende?
  3. Does Germany import nuclear and coal electricity from neighbouring countries to compensate for the nuclear phase-out?
  4. Have electricity prices for German households risen due to the development of renewables?
  5. Have German CO₂ emissions increased because electricity production from coal has risen?
  6. How has the German Energiewende impacted the domestic economy?
  7. Is security of supply in Germany threatened by reliance on renewables?
  8. Are German citizens and the business community supportive of the Energiewende?
  9. What is the current status of the north-south transmission grid expansion?
  10. Why did Germany reform its renewable energy legislation and introduce an auction system?

The paper is also available in a Japanese version. Both are available for download below. Further information can be found on the website of the Renewable Energy Institute.

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