Agora proposal outlines EEG 2.0 and a redesign of the market
In the next few years, the proposal foresees the renewables surcharge stabilizing roughly ath the level typo3/for 2014, around 6 to 6.5 cents per kilowatt-hour. To achieve this, the concept put forth by Agora Energiewende recommends limiting future feed-in tariffs for renewable power to 8.9 cents per kilowatt-hour and restricting exemptions to the renewables surcharge. "The proposal is intended to ensure that the energy transition is a success not just ecologically but also economically," says Rainer Baake, executive director of Agora Energiewende.
"It doesn't matter if it's coal, gas, wind, or large-scale photovoltaic arrays – power from new systems costs about eight to nine cents per kilowatt-hour," he explains.
Because biomass, offshore wind, and geothermal are significantly more expensive than onshore wind and solar power, the proposal would reduce support below the current level for these renewable energy sources. They would continue to be pursued on a limited basis only so as not to burden energy consumers with unnecessary costs.
In addition, "direct marketing" would be required for power produced by larger new systems as a first step toward a future power market logically dominated by renewables because of the major role they will play. An ideal design for such a market would be developed in a comprehensive process based on recommendations in the proposal’s second section.
"Radical simplification of the EEG is possible in the short term and could go into effect as soon as January 1, 2015," Baake points out. "We can then use the next few years up to 2017 for an extensive discussion and legislative process leading to a new power market design that will be more than capable of facing the challenges of the energy transition." The concept developed by Agora Energiewende is based on comprehensive analyses of power production costs for a range of technologies. An Excel tool for reviewing these analyses is available for download along with the detailed proposal itself (below).
The proposal's twelve core elements are as follows:
A. Reducing renewable energy costs
1. Basic maximum compensation of 8.9 cents/kWh for all new renewable energy systems
2. Feed-in tariff degression based on installation rates
3. Elimination of unnecessary expansion restrictions for photovoltaics (52 GW PV cap, import tax for Chinese PV modules, capacity limitations, etc.)
4. Revision of the reference yield model for onshore wind turbines in order to reduce overpayment for turbines at high-yield sites
5. For offshore wind turbines, starting in 2017: innovation premium of no more than 5 cents/kWh for a maximum of 500 MW per year
6. For dispatchable renewables (especially biomass): capacity premium of no more than 500 euros/kW for a maximum of 100 MW per year
B. Integrating renewables the market
7. Consistent elimination of all old bonusestypo3/ for new systems
8. Direct marketing required for all new systems of 1 MW or larger, reduction of the management premium for old systems to 0.2 cents/kWh
9. New systems required to provide grid services
C. Solidarity in financing the energy transition
10. Industry exemptions only for energy-intensive sectors competing internationally
11. Renewables surcharge requirement of 0.5 cents/kWh for exempt companiestypo3/ , since they already benefit from lower wholesale prices at a level of around 1 cent/kWh
12. Progressive inclusion of on-site power directly consumed in the EEG surcharge requirement for systems of 10 kW or larger
The full concept and the Excel tool can be downloaded below.
The 2014 reform of the Renewable Energy Act (“EEG 2.0”)
In October 2013, Agora Energiewende proposed radically simplifying the Renewable Energy Act in an initial step in 2014 (“EEG 2.0”)The 2014 reform of the Renewable Energy Act (“EEG 2.0”)
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