France is currently reshaping its energy and climate policy, with ambitious goals for the development of renewable energies and energy efficiency, together with a commitment to reduce the share of nuclear energy in the power mix. This French energy transition paradigm is serving as a common ground for stronger energy cooperation with Germany. France and Germany are the two largest power markets in Europe, together representing more than a third of the electricity consumed and produced in the European Union. Both countries have a track record of cooperation in the field of energy policy and play a driving role in the process of integrating European power markets.

Agora Energiewende’s activities in the French context comprise research and analysis of key components of the power system transformation in the national and regional context. We address concrete cooperation projects, as the French-German partnership can be a key driver of a secure, clean and affordable power sector transformation in EU. We also aim specifically at informing the French energy debate about the trends and challenges of the German energy transition. These activities, which are supported by several discussion forum, are closely linked to our activities in the Pentalateral Energy Forum.

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    Minimizing the cost of integrating solar and wind in Japan

    While estimates have been made for integration costs, they are very country-specific. Relatively little work has been done for Japan, unfortunately. For instance, no analysis has been found for transmission grid costs in Japan. A new study by Agora Energiewende entitled “Minimizing the cost of integrating wind and solar power in Japan” aims to fill such gaps.

    Integration costs for renewable energy: controversial, but likely low

    High shares of wind and solar power transform the entire power system and can lead to additional costs aside from building the power plants themselves. A new background paper examines these dynamics and concludes that not only the direct integration costs are low, but also the controversial indirect costs – as long as the power system becomes considerably more flexible.

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