France is currently reshaping its energy and climate policy, with ambitious goals for the development of renewable energies and energy efficiency, together with a commitment to reduce the share of nuclear energy in the power mix. This French energy transition paradigm is serving as a common ground for stronger energy cooperation with Germany. France and Germany are the two largest power markets in Europe, together representing more than a third of the electricity consumed and produced in the European Union. Both countries have a track record of cooperation in the field of energy policy and play a driving role in the process of integrating European power markets.
Agora Energiewende’s activities in the French context comprise research and analysis of key components of the power system transformation in the national and regional context. We address concrete cooperation projects, as the French-German partnership can be a key driver of a secure, clean and affordable power sector transformation in EU. We also aim specifically at informing the French energy debate about the trends and challenges of the German energy transition. These activities, which are supported by several discussion forum, are closely linked to our activities in the Pentalateral Energy Forum.
Europe: 50 percent renewable energies by 2030 possible with greater integration
By 2030 around half of all electricity in Europe should come from renewable energies in order to reach EU climate targets. This applies to Germany, France, the Benelux countries, Austria and Switzerland. Varying volumes of national wind and solar supply can be balanced out through the cross-border integration of power systems.
What needs to be done to make Europe's electricity sector ready for the 2030 challenge
Agora Energiewende’s “Power Market Pentagon“ outlines the first ever consistent proposal for the cornerstone of the future EU climate and energy package: It holistically lays out measures to create more flexible electricity markets, stabilise revenues for renewable energy sources, maintain supply security and decarbonize the electricity system
Integration costs for renewable energy: controversial, but likely low
High shares of wind and solar power transform the entire power system and can lead to additional costs aside from building the power plants themselves. A new background paper examines these dynamics and concludes that not only the direct integration costs are low, but also the controversial indirect costs – as long as the power system becomes considerably more flexible.